What is GUI?
User interface (UI) design refers to the process of making the visual designs of the components that users might interact within a website or a webpage. This could be the controls of a radio or the visual format of a website page. User interface designs must not appear appealing but should also be practical, functional and user-friendly. UI designers focus on what the users need and at the same time ensure that the interface designed has all the elements that make it clear, easy to understand and access, and facilitates the users. UI Design further introduces the ideas of graphic design, information architecture, interaction design, visual design.
Graphic User Interface (GUI) is the way that users interact with the Windows and Macintosh operating systems. This is also called as a point-and-click interface as any pointing device like a mouse, stylus, or a finger can be used to click on an object and drag it. It allows people to use pictures, menus, icons, and other visual components to display information and carry out functions on various systems instead of the text-based command systems. GUI is an interactive system that is used in electronic devices such as mobile phones, tablet devices, desktop computers, laptops, etc. They have additional display features that allow it to be optimized and personalized for a more efficient and user-friendly experience. A GUI designer has many components that allow for flexibility in designing personalized input screens for various software programs.
GUI Operating System
A GUI makes use of menus, drop-down lists, icons, windows to performs tasks such as opening, deleting, and moving files. GUI Operating systems are easier to use and learn as they do not require commands to be memorized like in MS-DOS or other command-line operating systems. A mouse is the most common and primary means of navigation but some keyboard shortcuts or arrow keys perform the same function. These inputs were sufficient for computers but a smartphone and tablet operating systems are designed to use touchscreen interface and some mobiles are controlled by spoken commands as input. Some examples of the GUI operating system include Microsoft windows, Chrome OS, Apple, or macOS, etc. Some programs that have employed GUI are Microsoft excel, Word, Outlook, Browsers such as Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, etc.
Some GUI controls are as follows:
- Text boxes
- Option buttons.
- List and drop-down list boxes
- Tab control dialog boxes
- Sliders and spin buttons
- Image maps
- Text areas
- Message boxes
- Command buttons